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sustainable consumption and production
Illustration of Jakarta during large-scale social restriction

The COVID-19 pandemic has created devastating impacts on every aspect of our lives, including the economy. At the same time, we also have to get ready for climate change that can be a bigger threat to humanity. Extreme weather and disaster will become more prevalent due to climate change, reducing productivity, especially in agriculture. Furthermore, climate change also affects human health because of the decline in food production and the spread of infectious diseases.  

At a macro level, climate change will affect the economic sector. According to the Swiss Re Institute, global GDP will decline by up to 18% in 2050 if the earth’s temperature rises by 3.2 degrees Celsius. Data from Bappenas also shows that climate change will put Indonesia in an economic loss of about Rp 115 trillion in 2024 in water, health, coastal sea, and agricultural sectors. 

As a response to those issues, the government of Indonesia is currently working on green recovery to overcome the aftermath of covid-19 and mitigate the impact of climate change. The government of Indonesia is prioritizing several green sectors, such as the development of renewable energy, ecotourism, and sustainable Special Economic Zones (SEZ). Indonesia’s plans for green recovery are also in line with its commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in 2030 by 29% independently and 41% with international aid. The green recovery program is also expected to stimulate green jobs opportunities in Indonesia, especially for young people who are currently in their productive ages.

sustainable consumption and production
Installation of solar panel (source: Pexels/Los Muertos)

What is Green Jobs?

Green jobs do not only aim to generate income, but it also aims to preserve the environment. In other words, its goal is to minimize the environmental impacts caused by economic activities. However, not all green jobs are decent jobs. Wastepickers, for instance, commonly have low protection and income due to inadequate waste management systems. Therefore, improving the welfare of the workers is crucial for those who work in the green sector. 

Green jobs also do not only refer to environmental experts or conservationists. Other jobs that do not directly have something to do with environmental science can also be considered green jobs. Sustainable fashion designers, green building architects, green content creators, organic farmers, and ranchers can also be categorized as green jobs. 

Green Jobs Opportunities in indonesia

The International Labor Organization estimates that a green economy will create 24 million job opportunities worldwide by 2030. In Indonesia, the implementation of a circular economy also potentially creates 4.4 million job opportunities by 2030. Furthermore, the transition to renewable energy also could potentially create 1.721.435 new job opportunities in 2030.  

Green jobs opportunities should be supported by increasing awareness of green jobs among society, giving stimulus for the development of the green economy, and supporting the private sectors to create new job opportunities in the green sector. 

The implementation of sustainable consumption and production in the economic sector also plays a critical role in the dissemination of green jobs opportunities in Indonesia. Hence, we need to support private sectors and entrepreneurs to run their businesses sustainably. Asides from that, we also have to educate society to choose eco-friendly products/services to support the implementation of sustainable consumption and production. 

Written by Siti Aisyah Novitri

References:

Merchant, Natalie. (2021, 28 Juni). This is How Climate Change Could Impact the Global Economy. Retrieved from: https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2021/06/impact-climate-change-global-gdp/

Setiawan, Verda. (2021, 21 Juli). Bappenas: Potensi Kerugian Ekonomi Akibat Perubahan Iklim. Retrieved from: https://katadata.co.id/happyfajrian/ekonomi-hijau/60f7d280e4b6d/bappenas-potensi-kerugian-ekonomi-akibat-perubahan-iklim-rp-115-t

Kwan, Marlis. (2020, 30 Oktober). Dampak Perubahan Iklim dalam Perspektif Kajian Makroekonomi. Retrieved from: https://www.mongabay.co.id/2020/10/30/dampak-perubahan-iklim-dalam-perspektif-kajian-makroekonomi/

IESR. Potensi Green Jobs di Era Transisi Energi. Retrieved from: https://iesr.or.id/infografis/potensi-green-jobs-di-era-transisi-energi

ILO. Pekerjaan yang Layak dan Ramah Lingkungan di Indonesia. Retrieved from: https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/—asia/—ro-bangkok/—ilo-jakarta/documents/publication/wcms_149950.pdf

Kimbrough, Karin. (2021, 23 September. Sectors Where Green Job Are Growing in Demand. Retrieved from: https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2021/09/sectors-where-green-jobs-are-growing-in-demand/

IESR. Green Jobs is A Recovery Solution for COVID-19 Aftermath. Retrieved from: https://iesr.or.id/en/green-job-is-a-recovery-solution-for-covid-19-aftermath

References:

Merchant, Natalie. (2021, 28 Juni). This is How Climate Change Could Impact the Global Economy. Retrieved from: https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2021/06/

impact-climate-change-global-gdp/

Setiawan, Verda. (2021, 21 Juli). Bappenas: Potensi Kerugian Ekonomi Akibat Perubahan Iklim. Retrieved from: https://katadata.co.id/happyfajrian/ekonomi-hijau/60f7d280e4b6d/bappenas-potensi-kerugian-ekonomi-akibat-perubahan-iklim-rp-115-t

Kwan, Marlis. (2020, 30 Oktober). Dampak Perubahan Iklim dalam Perspektif Kajian Makroekonomi. Retrieved from: https://www.mongabay.co.id/2020/10/30/

dampak-perubahan-iklim-dalam-perspektif-kajian-makroekonomi/

IESR. Potensi Green Jobs di Era Transisi Energi. Retrieved from: https://iesr.or.id/infografis/potensi-green-jobs-di-era-transisi-energi

ILO. Pekerjaan yang Layak dan Ramah Lingkungan di Indonesia. Retrieved from: https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/

—asia/—ro-bangkok/—ilo-jakarta/documents/publication/

wcms_149950.pdf

Kimbrough, Karin. (2021, 23 September. Sectors Where Green Job Are Growing in Demand. Retrieved from: https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2021/09/

sectors-where-green-jobs-are-growing-in-demand/

IESR. Green Jobs is A Recovery Solution for COVID-19 Aftermath. Retrieved from: https://iesr.or.id/en/green-job-is-a-recovery-solution-for-covid-19-aftermath

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