Population growth and changes in people’s consumption patterns lead an increase in the volume of waste, particularly in Indonesia. Additionally, poor waste management has been proven to endanger public health and environmental health.
To address these issues, Indonesia’s government issued Law No. 18/2008 on Waste Management. The law explains that waste management is a systematic, comprehensive, and sustainable activity that includes waste reduction and handling.
Looking at Indonesia’s Waste Management Sites
Indonesia has several schemes to handle its waste. One of them is TPST (Tempat Pengolahan Sampah Terpadu/Integrated Waste Management Site). TPST is a site where waste are collected, sorted, reused, recycled, processed. After processing the waste through the TPST, waste is transferred to TPA (Tempat Pembuangan Akhir/Landfill). TPA itself is a place to process and return waste to environmental media safely for humans and the environment. The significant difference between TPST and TPA is in the policy of the waste management system.
According to Waste4Change, the Bantargebang landfill in Bekasi, West Java, is most likely the most famous in Indonesia, even though there are many other landfills spread across various provinces. Many landfills in Indonesia are facing the same problem: they are the verge of overcapacity. Beyond Bantargebang landfill, several landfills are also in significant risk of overcapacity: Suwung landfill in Denpasar, Sarimukti landfill in Bandung, Piyungan landfill in Yogyakarta, and Terjun landfill in Medan.
Bantargebang landfill has reached its maximum capacity
According to the Jakarta Government, the Deputy Governor of DKI Jakarta, Ahmad Riza Patria, stated that Bantargebang landfill has reached the maximum capacity. The height of the waste in the Bantargebang TPST has reached 43-48 meters from the maximum limit of 50 meters. The dominant waste came from plastic waste, which makes up 14% of waste in the landfill. In Jakarta alone, waste collected to Bantargebang everyday can exceed 8,700 tons. This calls for stricter measures, both preventive and curative in Jakarta’s waste management system.
Jakarta has launched its preventive measure by issuing Gubernatorial Regulation No. 142/2019 on The Use of Sustainable Shopping Bags. They expected this to help reduce the overflowing pile of garbage. Several shopping centers have implemented this regulation, thus indirectly asking shoppers to bring eco-friendly shopping bags to shop.
As for curative measure, there’s a discourse that Jakarta waste to be rerouted to Nambo Integrated Waste Disposal Site (TPST), Klapanunggal, West Java. This action point requires intensive cooperation between local governments of two provinces.
Another step is to build an Intermediate Treatment Facility (ITF) in Tebet, South Jakarta. Tebet ITF will be an integrated waste management with the recycling center, biodigester, pyrolysis, BSF (Black Soldier Fly) Maggot, incinerators, and FABA (processingFly Ash & Bottom Ash), and incinerator.
Jakarta has acted, what’s next?
As Jakarta carries out some measures to create a sustainable waste management, we can expect other cities in Indonesia to follow its step. You can inquire about waste management system in your city by contacting your local DLH (Dinas Lingkungan Hidup/Environmental Agency) through social medias or emails.
Some small acts are also feasible and simpler for you to do. You can make sure to practice sustainable consumption and production by segregating your inorganic household waste and compost your organic waste. Or even better: reducing consumption you don’t need so you end up with less waste to begin with.